Antibacterial Development Over the past 90 years, antibacterial discovery has gone from boom to bust. For about 30 years in the middle of the 20th century, pharmaceutical companies regularly churned out new classes of the drugs. Many of which doctors still use today, such as penicillin and the tetracyclines. However, by the 1980’s, discovery slowed …
For some pathogens, such as MRSA and Acinetobacter, physicians have turned to antibiotics abandoned decades ago because of toxic side effects. Several pathogens are close to becoming difficult to treat in some regions.
Nowadays antibiotic resistance arises from the cumulative effect of several complex factors. One has been our cavalier attitude. For example, in 2009 an American supermarket chain began to advertise free antibiotics to attract customers. Whilst hospitals are beginning to oversee their own use of antibiotics, the agricultural community is largely uncontrolled after drugs are approved by government agencies.